Being fit does not necessarily mean being able to run a marathon, bench press 150 pounds, or sprint the 100m in 10 seconds or less. Fitness is a broad term that has different meanings to different people and can depend upon your goals. Fitness is defined as set of attributes an individual possesses or achieves that enables them to function at optimal levels and is specific to activities performed. For some fitness may mean being able to walk up the stairs without being out of breath. Whereas, for others fitness is being at peak physical condition to compete. Regardless of what your interpretation of fitness is, it is important to understand the principles, components, and the different ways to improve your fitness.
By the end of this chapter, you should be able to:
1. Explain the importance of a warm-up and cool-down.
2. Identify the FITT Principle and describe each component.
3. Define and explain the health-related and skill-related components of fitness.
4. Explain the SMART approach and construct personal goals
5. Design a workout plan that caters to your individual ability, needs, and includes a SMART goal.