Glossary of Terms

Achievable -Ensure your goal realistic and possible to achieve.

Agility: the ability of the body to move or change direction quickly.

Aerobic Exercise: is a type of moderate intensity physical activity an individual can sustain for an extended period of time.

Anaerobic Exercise: is performed at such a high intensity, it is only done in short quick bursts.

Balance: the ability to maintain a state of equilibrium or stay in control of body movement.

Barrier – An obstacle which may hinder you from achieving your goals.

Body Composition: the percentage of stored fat in the body compared to the percentage of all other tissues. 

Cardiorespiratory Endurance: the ability of the heart, blood vessels, and lungs to deliver oxygen and nutrients to the working muscles.

Coordination: the ability to integrate sense and body parts to perform tasks efficiently and accurately.

Fitnessa set of attributes an individual possesses or achieves that enables them to function at optimal levels and is specific to activities performed.

FITT Principle: the acronym which makes workouts more effective. The initials F.I.T.T stand for Frequency, Intensity, Time, and Type.

Flexibility Exercises: improve the range of motion of any given joint or series of joints.

Frequency: refers to how often you exercise.

Health-Related Components of Fitness: are important to perform at optimum levels during exercise or to be able to function efficiently on a daily basis.

Intensity: refers to how hard you exercise.

Measurable – The ability to track your progress in order to maintain motivation and achieve your goal.

Muscular Endurance: the ability of a muscle or muscle group to sustain a contraction repeatedly over a period of time.

Muscular Strength: the maximal force produced by a muscles or muscle groups against resistance.

Passive Stretching: includes the use of an external force to achieve the stretch. This could be accomplished through a partner, stretching device, or a resistance band.

Reaction Time: the amount of time it takes to respond to a stimulus.

Relevant – A goal which is meaningful and aligns with your overall plan.

Skill-Related Components of Fitness: should be considered when you are training for a more specific-related event or goal.

Specific – Ensure your goal is as detailed and concise as possible.

Speed: the ability to perform a movement quickly and rapidly.

Static Stretching: involves holding a stretch which is comfortable but challenging for a period of 10-30 seconds.

Strength Exercises: are designed to improve both muscular strength and endurance.

Time: is the duration of the exercise.

Time-bound – Having an intended date to accomplish the goal by.

Type: refers to the specific kind of exercise you do to achieve the goals you have set.


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Ch. 5 - Fitness Copyright © by UGA PEDB Program is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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